Source code for rasa_core.tracker_store

import itertools
import json
import logging
import pickle
# noinspection PyPep8Naming
from typing import Iterator, KeysView, List, Optional, Text

from rasa.core.actions.action import ACTION_LISTEN_NAME
from import EventChannel
from rasa.core.domain import Domain
from rasa.core.trackers import (
    ActionExecuted, DialogueStateTracker, EventVerbosity)
from rasa.core.utils import class_from_module_path

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]class TrackerStore(object): def __init__(self, domain: Optional[Domain], event_broker: Optional[EventChannel] = None) -> None: self.domain = domain self.event_broker = event_broker self.max_event_history = None @staticmethod def find_tracker_store(domain, store=None, event_broker=None): if store is None or store.type is None: return InMemoryTrackerStore(domain, event_broker=event_broker) elif store.type == 'redis': return RedisTrackerStore(domain=domain, host=store.url, event_broker=event_broker, **store.kwargs) elif store.type == 'mongod': return MongoTrackerStore(domain=domain, host=store.url, event_broker=event_broker, **store.kwargs) elif store.type.lower() == 'sql': return SQLTrackerStore(domain=domain, url=store.url, event_broker=event_broker, **store.kwargs) else: return TrackerStore.load_tracker_from_module_string(domain, store) @staticmethod def load_tracker_from_module_string(domain, store): custom_tracker = None try: custom_tracker = class_from_module_path(store.type) except (AttributeError, ImportError): logger.warning("Store type '{}' not found. " "Using InMemoryTrackerStore instead" .format(store.type)) if custom_tracker: return custom_tracker(domain=domain, url=store.url, **store.kwargs) else: return InMemoryTrackerStore(domain) def get_or_create_tracker(self, sender_id, max_event_history=None): tracker = self.retrieve(sender_id) self.max_event_history = max_event_history if tracker is None: tracker = self.create_tracker(sender_id) return tracker def init_tracker(self, sender_id): if self.domain: return DialogueStateTracker( sender_id, self.domain.slots, max_event_history=self.max_event_history) else: return None def create_tracker(self, sender_id, append_action_listen=True): """Creates a new tracker for the sender_id. The tracker is initially listening.""" tracker = self.init_tracker(sender_id) if tracker: if append_action_listen: tracker.update(ActionExecuted(ACTION_LISTEN_NAME)) return tracker def save(self, tracker): raise NotImplementedError() def retrieve(self, sender_id: Text) -> Optional[DialogueStateTracker]: raise NotImplementedError() def stream_events(self, tracker: DialogueStateTracker) -> None: old_tracker = self.retrieve(tracker.sender_id) offset = len( if old_tracker else 0 evts = for evt in list(itertools.islice(evts, offset, len(evts))): body = { "sender_id": tracker.sender_id, } body.update(evt.as_dict()) self.event_broker.publish(body) def keys(self): # type: () -> Optional[List[Text]] raise NotImplementedError() @staticmethod def serialise_tracker(tracker): dialogue = tracker.as_dialogue() return pickle.dumps(dialogue) def deserialise_tracker(self, sender_id, _json): dialogue = pickle.loads(_json) tracker = self.init_tracker(sender_id) tracker.recreate_from_dialogue(dialogue) return tracker
class InMemoryTrackerStore(TrackerStore): def __init__(self, domain: Domain, event_broker: Optional[EventChannel] = None ) -> None: = {} super(InMemoryTrackerStore, self).__init__(domain, event_broker) def save(self, tracker: DialogueStateTracker) -> None: if self.event_broker: self.stream_events(tracker) serialised = InMemoryTrackerStore.serialise_tracker(tracker)[tracker.sender_id] = serialised def retrieve(self, sender_id: Text) -> Optional[DialogueStateTracker]: if sender_id in logger.debug('Recreating tracker for ' 'id \'{}\''.format(sender_id)) return self.deserialise_tracker(sender_id,[sender_id]) else: logger.debug('Creating a new tracker for ' 'id \'{}\'.'.format(sender_id)) return None def keys(self) -> KeysView[Text]: return class RedisTrackerStore(TrackerStore): def keys(self): pass def __init__(self, domain, host='localhost', port=6379, db=0, password=None, event_broker=None, record_exp=None): import redis = redis.StrictRedis(host=host, port=port, db=db, password=password) self.record_exp = record_exp super(RedisTrackerStore, self).__init__(domain, event_broker) def save(self, tracker, timeout=None): if self.event_broker: self.stream_events(tracker) if not timeout and self.record_exp: timeout = self.record_exp serialised_tracker = self.serialise_tracker(tracker), serialised_tracker, ex=timeout) def retrieve(self, sender_id): stored = if stored is not None: return self.deserialise_tracker(sender_id, stored) else: return None class MongoTrackerStore(TrackerStore): def __init__(self, domain, host="mongodb://localhost:27017", db="rasa", username=None, password=None, auth_source="admin", collection="conversations", event_broker=None): from pymongo.database import Database from pymongo import MongoClient self.client = MongoClient(host, username=username, password=password, authSource=auth_source, # delay connect until process forking is done connect=False) self.db = Database(self.client, db) self.collection = collection super(MongoTrackerStore, self).__init__(domain, event_broker) self._ensure_indices() @property def conversations(self): return self.db[self.collection] def _ensure_indices(self): self.conversations.create_index("sender_id") def save(self, tracker, timeout=None): if self.event_broker: self.stream_events(tracker) state = tracker.current_state(EventVerbosity.ALL) self.conversations.update_one( {"sender_id": tracker.sender_id}, {"$set": state}, upsert=True) def retrieve(self, sender_id): stored = self.conversations.find_one({"sender_id": sender_id}) # look for conversations which have used an `int` sender_id in the past # and update them. if stored is None and sender_id.isdigit(): from pymongo import ReturnDocument stored = self.conversations.find_one_and_update( {"sender_id": int(sender_id)}, {"$set": {"sender_id": str(sender_id)}}, return_document=ReturnDocument.AFTER) if stored is not None: if self.domain: return DialogueStateTracker.from_dict(sender_id, stored.get("events"), self.domain.slots) else: logger.warning("Can't recreate tracker from mongo storage " "because no domain is set. Returning `None` " "instead.") return None else: return None def keys(self): return [c["sender_id"] for c in self.conversations.find()] class SQLTrackerStore(TrackerStore): """Store which can save and retrieve trackers from an SQL database.""" from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base Base = declarative_base() class SQLEvent(Base): from sqlalchemy import Column, Integer, String, Float __tablename__ = 'events' id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True) sender_id = Column(String, nullable=False) type_name = Column(String, nullable=False) timestamp = Column(Float) intent_name = Column(String) action_name = Column(String) data = Column(String) def __init__(self, domain: Optional[Domain] = None, dialect: Text = 'sqlite', url: Text = None, db: Text = 'rasa.db', username: Text = None, password: Text = None, event_broker: Optional[EventChannel] = None) -> None: from sqlalchemy.orm import sessionmaker from sqlalchemy.engine.url import URL from sqlalchemy import create_engine engine_url = URL(dialect, username, password, url, database=db) logger.debug('Attempting to connect to database ' 'via "{}"'.format(engine_url.__to_string__())) self.engine = create_engine(engine_url) self.session = sessionmaker(bind=self.engine)() self.Base.metadata.create_all(self.engine) logger.debug("Connection to SQL database '{}' " "successful".format(db)) super(SQLTrackerStore, self).__init__(domain, event_broker) def keys(self) -> List[Text]: """Collect all keys of the items stored in the database.""" # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences return self.SQLEvent.__table__.columns.keys() def retrieve(self, sender_id: Text) -> DialogueStateTracker: """Create a tracker from all previously stored events.""" query = self.session.query(self.SQLEvent) result = query.filter_by(sender_id=sender_id).all() events = [json.loads( for event in result] if self.domain and len(events) > 0: logger.debug("Recreating tracker " "from sender id '{}'".format(sender_id)) return DialogueStateTracker.from_dict(sender_id, events, self.domain.slots) else: logger.debug("Can't retrieve tracker matching" "sender id '{}' from SQL storage. " "Returning `None` instead.".format(sender_id)) def save(self, tracker: DialogueStateTracker) -> None: """Update database with events from the current conversation.""" if self.event_broker: self.stream_events(tracker) events = self._additional_events(tracker) # only store recent events for event in events: data = event.as_dict() intent = data.get("parse_data", {}).get("intent", {}).get("name") action = data.get("name") timestamp = data.get("timestamp") # noinspection PyArgumentList self.session.add(self.SQLEvent(sender_id=tracker.sender_id, type_name=event.type_name, timestamp=timestamp, intent_name=intent, action_name=action, data=json.dumps(data))) self.session.commit() logger.debug("Tracker with sender_id '{}' " "stored to database".format(tracker.sender_id)) def _additional_events(self, tracker: DialogueStateTracker) -> Iterator: """Return events from the tracker which aren't currently stored.""" from sqlalchemy import func query = self.session.query(func.max(self.SQLEvent.timestamp)) max_timestamp = query.filter_by(sender_id=tracker.sender_id).scalar() if max_timestamp is None: max_timestamp = 0 latest_events = [] for event in reversed( if event.timestamp > max_timestamp: latest_events.append(event) else: break return reversed(latest_events)